NCDC
Nigeria Battles Lassa Fever: 897 Cases, 162 Deaths Reported in 2024

Nigeria Battles Lassa Fever: 897 Cases, 162 Deaths Reported in 2024

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) reports a significant increase in Lassa fever cases, with 897 confirmed cases and 162 deaths in 2024.

Lassa fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic (excessive bleeding) illness.

It is transmitted to humans through contact with food or household items contaminated by infected rodents or contaminated persons.

Its symptoms include fever, headache, sore throat, general body weakness, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, muscle pains, and chest pain.

In severe cases, it manifests in unexplainable bleeding from ears, eyes, nose, mouth, and other body openings.

The case fatality rate (CFR) is 18.1%, higher than the same period in 2023 which is 17.1%

According to report, 28 states are affected with 65% of cases from Ondo, Bauchi, Edo, and Plateau. However, out of the 65%, it is said that Ondo State accounted for 25%, Edo 22% and Bauchi,18%.

The disease disproportionately affects people aged 31-40 with no health worker infected reported in the previous week

NCDC urges public vigilance, adherence to safety protocols, and prompt reporting of symptoms