COVID-19 akwa ibom
WHO and health authorities in the United States are monitoring a new covid-19 variant.

New COVID-19 Variant Under Surveillance Not in Nigeria – NCDC

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) says the new EG.5 and BA.2.86 sub-variants of the Omicron variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus have not been identified in Nigeria.

The NCDC made this known in a press statement issued on Saturday and signed by its Director General, Dr Ifedayo Adetifa, noting however, that it is monitoring the new variants.

On August 9, 2023, the World Health Organisation (WHO) designated EG.5, a descendant lineage of XBB.1.9.2, and its sub-lineages as a variant of interest.

EG.5 is a sublineage of the omicron variant and has been detected in 51 countries, including China, the United States of America, the Republic of Korea, Japan, Canada, Australia, Singapore, the United Kingdom, France, Portugal, and Spain.

The risk assessment conducted by the WHO showed that the EG.5 variant poses a low risk at the global level.

“In addition, EG.5 has not been associated with any change in symptoms or a clinical manifestation and has not produced an increase in severity of illness and, or hospitalisations or difference in death rates in reporting countries.

Read Also: US, WHO Trail New COVID-19 Variant

“EG.5 causes symptoms like those seen with other COVID-19 variants, including fever, cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, muscle aches, headache, and sore throat. So far, only one case of EG.5 has been seen in Africa, it has not been identified in Nigeria,” the statement read in part.

The National Public Health Institute also said the recently discovered BA.2.86 is a descendent lineage of BA.2 – a sublineage of Omicron, also found in Nigeria in 2022.

WHO designated the COVID-19 variant BA.2.86 as a ‘variant under monitoring’ due to the large number of mutations it carries.

The BA.2.86 variant has been reported in a handful of countries – the United Kingdom, Israel, Denmark, South Africa, and the United States.

“Since there are few cases identified so far, there is not enough information to make conclusive assessments of virulence, transmission, and severity. However, we do not expect it to be much different from other omicron descendants currently circulating. Although the ancestor, BA.2 has been previously found in Nigeria, no BA.2.86 variant has been identified in Nigeria,” the agency added.

It said the NCDC’s COVID-19 Technical Working Group is closely monitoring COVID-19 epidemiology – local, regional, continental, and global – including emerging variants.